Vaccination calendar in Catalonia

Vaccinations are essential for preventing serious infectious diseases and maintaining public health. Adhering to the recommended vaccination schedule ensures that your children are protected from various illnesses. Below, you will find a detailed schedule of vaccinations recommended for children in Catalonia, along with brief descriptions for each vaccine.

Vaccination schedule for children

Vaccine

Schedule

Description

Hepatitis B Vaccine (HB)

At birth, 2, 4, and 11 months
Protects against hepatitis B, a serious liver infection. Essential for newborns, especially those with HBsAg-positive mothers.
Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis Vaccine (DTaP)
2, 4, 11 months; booster at 6 years, and Tdap at 12-14 years
Combines protection against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough. Critical for preventing these severe bacterial infections.
Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Vaccine (Hib)
2, 4, 11 months
Prevents infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b, including meningitis and pneumonia.
Polio Vaccine (IPV)
2, 4, 11 months; booster at 6 years
Protects against poliovirus, which can cause paralysis and other severe health issues.
Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)
2, 4, 11 months
Prevents diseases caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, including pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis.
Rotavirus Vaccine

2 and 4 months
Oral vaccine that protects against rotavirus, a major cause of severe diarrhea in infants and young children.
Meningococcal Vaccine (MenB and MenACWY)
MenB at 2 and 4 months; MenACWY at 12 months and 12-14 years
Protects against meningococcal disease, which can lead to meningitis and sepsis.
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Vaccine (MMR)
12 months and 3-4 years
Combines protection against measles, mumps, and rubella, which are highly contagious viral diseases.
Varicella (Chickenpox)

15 months and 3-4 years
Prevents chickenpox, a common childhood illness that can lead to complications.
VaccineHuman Papillomavirus

10-12 years
Protects against human papillomavirus, which can cause cervical and other cancers.
Vaccine (HPV)Influenza

Annually for children 6 months to 5 years and those in risk groups
Protects against seasonal influenza, a respiratory virus that can cause severe illness.
VaccineSARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Vaccine
Protects against COVID-19, reducing the severity of the disease and its spread.
Protects against human papillomavirus, which can cause cervical and other cancers.

Vaccination for pregnant women

Vaccine

Schedule

Description

Pertussis (Tdap) Vaccine:
Administered in each pregnancy, ideally between 27 and 28 weeks of gestation.
Protects newborns from pertussis (whooping cough) before they begin their routine immunization schedule.
Influenza and SARS-CoV-2 Vaccines:
Can be given in any trimester of pregnancy or up to 6 months postpartum if not vaccinated during pregnancy.
Pregnant women are at higher risk for complications from influenza and COVID-19, which can also affect perinatal outcomes. These vaccines help protect both mother and baby.
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Vaccine:
Administered between 32 and 36 weeks of gestation.
Aimed at passive immunization of the newborn, reducing the risk of severe respiratory infections.

Vaccination for risk groups

Vaccine

Schedule

Description

Pneumococcal Disease
Recommended for children older than 59 months in risk groups.
Protects against invasive pneumococcal disease and its complications, which have seen a resurgence post-pandemic.
Haemophilus Influenzae Type B (Hib)
Can be given in any trimester of pregnancy or up to 6 months postpartum if not vaccinated during pregnancy.
Protects against infections such as meningitis and pneumonia, particularly important for children with specific health conditions.
Meningococcal Disease
MenACWY vaccine at 4 and 12 months, with catch-up for adolescents up to 18 years.
Essential for preventing meningitis and sepsis, especially in individuals in specific risk groups or traveling to areas where the disease is more common.
Rotavirus
Administered as a 2-dose or 3-dose series for infants.
Prevents severe diarrhea caused by rotavirus, particularly important for preterm infants.

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